When should children start brushing their teeth? Which toothbrush is recommended? When should a toothbrush be replaced? What toothpaste is recommended? What are dental sealants? Is it necessary to take care of primary teeth? From what age should teeth be checked?
Tooth brushing should begin when the first tooth breaks through. While there are still only a few teeth, they can be cleaned with a damp cloth (gauze) wound around the finger: Move over the surface of the teeth, front and back, and in doing so, massage the gums. Once the molars erupt, it is necessary to switch to a toothbrush and toothpaste suitable for children. (Use a minimal amount of toothpaste.)
The teeth should be brushed twice a day: in the morning after breakfast and in the evening after dinner. It is also advisable to brush after eating sticky foods such as cereal and snacks.
It is recommended for a parent to brush a child’s teeth until the age of 7 or assist the child in brushing. The toothbrush should have a small head, soft bristle, and a thick, comfortable handle. It is important that the amount of fluoride concentration in the toothpaste be recommended by the doctor; the amount will depend on the child’s age, his risk level in developing tooth decay and his ability to spit.
A toothbrush should be replaced every 3 months or when the fiber quality diminishes.
Why are dental checks important from a young age?
- To detect pit and fissure cavities. There are cases where no treatment is required and it is sufficient to increase fluoride in order to stop or even treat early cavities.
- To receive guidance on correct teeth brushing and nutrition in order to instill in the child good habits from an early age.
- To prevent the development of tooth decay by applying fluoride and groove seals.
It is Important that the child’s first visit to the dentist be an enjoyable introductory meeting that will leave a positive impression on the child.
What are pit and fissure sealants?
In the teeth there are pits and fissures that get filled with scraps of food. Sealing is intended to prevent food accumulation and penetration of bacteria that cause tooth decay, by pasting a plastic material over the pits and fissures.
Why is it important to treat primary teeth if they are replaced with permanent teeth?
Tooth decay is an oral cavity disease caused by bacteria under the conditions of plaque buildup and the presence of sugars and carbohydrates. Primary teeth finish erupting at the age of two and a half to three and each tooth has a certain replacement time. While the primary incisors are replaced at the age of 6-7, the primary molars only fall out around the age of 12, meaning that they function in the mouth for about 10 years. Therefore, to ignore primary teeth on the grounds that they are replaced is not a good decision. Neglect of primary teeth is liable to cause:
- pain and infections that can interfere with chewing and the growth of the child.
- aesthetic damage that can result in social rejection and low self-esteem.
- wide-scale pit and fissure decay of the primary teeth that can spread to the permanent tooth germ growing underneath. This may result in developmental defects in the permanent tooth germ, and even stop its development, as well as alter the direction in which it grows.
- infection of the permanent teeth that erupt around the age of 6.
Correct diet and dental decay :
The bacteria that cause cavities feed on carbohydrates and secrete acid that dissolves the tooth. Almost all the food we eat contains carbohydrates and may result in the development of dental caries. Therefore it is important to eat regular meals, take a break of at least two hours between each meal and drink a lot of water between meals, thus allowing saliva to correct the acidic environment created during meals. Sweetened beverages should be consumed only at mealtimes.